Updated: Aug 11, 2020
You may think of stretching as something performed only by runners or gymnasts. But we all need to stretch in order to protect our mobility and independence.
Why stretching is important
Stretching keeps the muscles flexible, strong, and healthy, and we need that flexibility to maintain a range of motion in the joints. Without it, the muscles shorten and become tight. Then, when you call on the muscles for activity, they are weak and unable to extend all the way. That puts you at risk for joint pain, strains, and muscle damage.
For example, sitting in a chair all day results in tight hamstrings in the back of the thigh. That can make it harder to extend your leg or straighten your knee all the way, which inhibits walking. Likewise, when tight muscles are suddenly called on for a strenuous activity that stretches them, such as playing tennis, they may become damaged from suddenly being stretched. Injured muscles may not be strong enough to support the joints, which can lead to joint injury.
Regular stretching keeps muscles long, lean, and flexible, and this means that exertion won't put too much force on the muscle itself. Healthy muscles also help a person with balance problems to avoid falls.
Where to start
With a body full of muscles, the idea of daily stretching may seem overwhelming. But you don't have to stretch every muscle you have. The areas critical for mobility are in your lower extremities: your calves, your hamstrings, your hip flexors in the pelvis and quadriceps in the front of the thigh. Stretching your shoulders, neck, and lower back are also beneficial. Aim for a program of daily stretches or at least three or four times per week.
Dr. Parks can assess your muscle strength and tailor a stretching program to fit your needs. We will demonstrate and review stretches with you and provide you with a personalized handout, tailored to your needs.
Stretching once today won't magically give you perfect flexibility or correct your posture. You'll need to do it over time and remain committed to the process. It may have taken you many months or even years to get tight muscles, so you're not going to be perfectly flexible after one or two sessions. It takes weeks to months to get flexible, and you'll have to continue working on it to maintain it.
We used to believe that stretching was necessary to warm up the muscles and prepare them for activity. However, mounting research has shown that stretching the muscles before they're warmed up can actually hurt them. All it takes to warm up the muscles before stretching is five to 10 minutes of light activity, such as a quick walk. You can also stretch after an aerobic or weight-training workout.
Hold a stretch for 20-30 seconds. Use your breathing to get deeper into the stretch, don't bounce, which can cause injury. Breathe in deeply and as you exhale relax deeper into the stretch. You'll feel tension during a stretch, but you should not feel pain. If you do, there may be an injury or damage in the tissue. Stop stretching that muscle and talk to your doctor.
Disclaimer: Before starting any new exercise routine check with your doctor or personal trainer. If you are currently under treatment ask Dr. Parks if this is the right exercise for you.